From social conflict to Dutch pragmatism:
Amsterdam City Council’s Broeadplaatsen (Breeding Places) policy allocated €41 million for subsidising between 1400 and 2000 living/working spaces for artists and cultural entrepreneurs. Many evictions were halted and some squats were legalised and turned into cultural centres. … [T]his policy led to the absorption of parts of the movement into providers of cultural services, which contributed to the image of Amsterdam as a ’creative city’ and ’helped to co-opt and to prevent resistance against policies that seek to promote gentrification’.
Gentrification of hacking:
Occupation → Critique of private property.
Rent → Limited to the critique of intellectual property.
PT: developing technology to achieve wider political goals of a holistic social movement.
TP: making a social movement to advance the particular interests of a group.
Still, both question the neutrality of technology.